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This free study is part of a 9 part series called "Be Filled with the Spirit". To view more free studies in this series, click here.

8. The Anointing of the Spirit

Be Filled with the Spirit

Warm-Up Question: Have you ever had a task for which you felt ill-equipped for, or you felt was beyond your capabilities? How did you handle this?

In 1977, just after I had become a Christian, I found myself among a group of passionate believers who genuinely loved the Lord. This close-knit group of believers had banded together to live in a community and pool their resources. At first, this seemed like an ideal situation. As time went on, some of the members of the church began to question some of the actions of those in leadership. They preached one thing, but their lives, which were lived out in front of us, were in contradiction to the message they preached.

The spiritual gifts were still flowing in the meetings, but many of us sensed that there was deliberate manipulation at work, and we were concerned. Genuine questions were regarded as criticism and accountability was dissuaded by Old Testament teaching using texts, such as "Do not touch my anointed ones; do my prophets no harm" (Psalm 105:15). 


The false teaching they were espousing was that they, the leaders, were anointed, and the rest of the members of the church were not, or certainly not to the same “level.” They were not to be questioned! The context of the verse they quoted in Psalm 105, however, refers to the time when Abraham was protected from harm at the hands of the King of Gerar (Genesis 20). They were taking it out of context. The Scripture, as they were interpreting it, was being used to stop criticism and accountability of the leadership. 


As I continued in my study of the Scripture, I came to believe that I was in a cult, and God led me out of that group. Although I was saddened to leave some of my good and close friends behind to disconnect, it left me with questions about the anointing of God and how this anointing functions in the life of every believer. I believe God has anointed all of us since we all have the life of Christ in us as children of God. 


I have observed, however, that there are those whom God seems to anoint for a task that carries God's presence in a powerful, yet gracious way. I have also noticed that there are times in my life that His anointing seems more tangible. Why is this? What is this thing that we call the anointing of God? These are the questions that I will attempt to answer in this study.


In the Old Testament, it is undoubtedly true that certain individuals were anointed with oil symbolic of the Holy Spirit's empowerment for specific tasks that God gave them to do. For instance, when Aaron was anointed as High Priest, the anointing oil was poured upon him for this new responsibility, as it was with every priest (Leviticus 8:1-12). When a new king was appointed, such as David, it was a one-time anointing for his task as king (1 Samuel 16:13). Likewise, when a prophet was set apart for his ministry, again, it was a one-time anointing (1 Kings 19:16). 


It is not true, though, that the Spirit only anoints some Christians. Things changed when the Anointed One came. (The name, Christ, means “Anointed One.”) We now live in the age of the Spirit, when all believers are brought into union with Christ and anointed with the Holy Spirit (John 14:17). There is one worldwide Body of Christ where each one has differing gifts, which God has divinely distributed to us. We are to use these gifts to build up the body of Christ and to be the expression of Christ to this world. The body of Christ is a multi-faceted jewel reflecting different aspects of the life of Jesus empowered by the Spirit (Ephesians 3:10). There are differing levels of anointing and different gifts brought about by the work of the Spirit in you and through your responses to His leading. Paul, the apostle, wrote:

12Just as a body, though one, has many parts, but all its many parts form one body, so it is with Christ. 13For we were all baptized by one Spirit so as to form one body—whether Jews or Gentiles, slave or free—and we were all given the one Spirit to drink. 14Even so the body is not made up of one part but of many. 15Now if the foot should say, “Because I am not a hand, I do not belong to the body,” it would not for that reason stop being part of the body. 16And if the ear should say, “Because I am not an eye, I do not belong to the body,” it would not for that reason stop being part of the body. 17If the whole body were an eye, where would the sense of hearing be? If the whole body were an ear, where would the sense of smell be? 18But in fact God has placed the parts in the body, every one of them, just as he wanted them to be. 19If they were all one part, where would the body be? 10As it is, there are many parts, but one body (1 Corinthians 12:12-20 emphasis mine).

Paul is using the analogy of a person’s body, comparing it to Christians in a relationship with one another. What is Paul trying to tell them about body life? What are we to take from this analogy regarding how we treat each other? 

Every one of us who are Christians has been baptized into the body of Christ and have an anointing to further the ministry of the Lord Jesus Christ in the world. Some have a ministry that is seen, such as an eye or a hand, while others play a part that is not seen such as the heart, or God sees part of the blood supply-very needed ministries that are not noticed by men, but of course. We will each be rewarded for our faithfulness in serving.


John, the apostle, writes to believers, saying, “but you have an anointing from the Holy One, and all of you know the truth” (1 John 2:20).  He doesn’t say that some of you know the truth, but in his use of the word “all,” John is saying that all his readers know the truth because of the anointing of the Spirit that is upon all believers. In a few verses later, John says,


But the anointing that you received from him abides in you, and you have no need that anyone should teach you. But as his anointing teaches you about everything, and is true, and is no lie—just as it has taught you, abide in him (1 John 2:27). 

In 1 John 2:20, we are told, “You have an anointing (Chrisma) from the Holy One.” As Christ is the Anointed One, the One on whom the Spirit was poured out, so we Christians are anointed in the sense that we partake of the Spirit of Christ. Christ's Spirit in us helps us to discern truth from error, the message of Christ from the message of this world.

The good news, John says, is that the Holy Spirit teaches you! We already looked at this when we were examining the role of the Holy Spirit. The anointing of God within us teaches us by showing us what is true and what is not. The anointing helps us to separate, or discern, the false message from the true message. There is nothing “secret” that is kept from the average Christian and revealed to only the “inner circle.” That is what some teachers were doing at the time, claiming to have superior knowledge. Beware of people who have a similar attitude today, claiming that they have divine revelation, which is only shared with a select few. 

We do not see the Holy Spirit functioning like this in the New Testament. The early apostles gave away everything God gave them. The statement,  “We do not need another teacher because the Holy Spirit is our teacher,” does not mean that we have no use for Christian teaching from others; it means that a believer can discern and reject what is false by the witness of the Spirit of Christ living within us.

The more we know the truth, the more easily we can identify a lie. One thing of which we need to be aware in the days in which we live is just how rare it is for Christians to abide in the Word of God. Is it any wonder that people are led astray? There are so many voices to which we can listen with the saturation of books written about Christianity and spirituality. 


When Chairman Mao of China initiated his great purge against intellectuals and the church in 1966, he killed many of the leaders and teachers of the Bible, but the church in China wasn’t hurt by this; in fact, it grew exponentially as individual believers began to rely more on the Holy Spirit. If persecution and separation from other believers were to occur, I believe John in the passage above is saying that all you need is the Scripture and the Holy Spirit within to lead you into all truth. There is a “know-so” within when you hear teaching that is balanced and has a firm foundation. Have you ever heard teaching that does not ring true? Paul writes in one place, “The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are God's children” (Romans 8:16). Paul also wrote to the believers stating: “We have the mind of Christ” (1 Corinthians 2:16). What that means is that we think in tune with the Spirit when we have a heart for God and His Word. The Spirit puts within us the desire to act and be like Jesus.


When you hear the word “anointing,” what comes to mind? How would you define it in terms of how you recognize a spiritual anointing when you see it in another person?

What is the Anointing?

The word translated anointing, or unction is the application of ointment or oil. When a person is sick, they are to come to the elders of the church and have them anoint them with oil and the prayer of faith for the sick person would make the person well (James 5:14-15). The application of oil is symbolic of asking the Lord to come and heal. The oil itself is not the healing property, in my personal belief.  It is the Lord coming upon the person and healing him or her. 

The Anointing of the Holy Spirit is an impartation from God to a man of a grace–gift of healing, wisdom, power, love, and creativity to enable people to extend God’s kingdom as ambassadors on earth in the power of the Spirit, not of one’s abilities. When an anointing of the Spirit comes on a person, a task that before had been very difficult is now quite natural and much more relaxed. When Moses was approaching burnout by trying to care for over two million people wandering for forty years in the wilderness, he was so tired out he wanted to die. God took that pastoral Spirit that rested on him and the wisdom he had acquired, and He imparted leadership gifts and abilities to seventy wise leaders. It wasn't something that man did; it was entirely an impartation of the Spirit. This impartation was the beginning of the Sanhedrin, the seventy elders:


Moses…gathered seventy men of the elders of the people, and stationed them around the tent. 25Then the LORD came down in the cloud and spoke to him; and He took of the Spirit who was upon him and placed Him upon the seventy elders. And when the Spirit rested upon them, they prophesied. But they did not do it again (Numbers 11:24-25).

The Gifts and Calling of God Are Irrevocable

…for the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable (Romans 11:29 NIV).
…For God's gifts and his call can never be withdrawn (Romans 11:29 NLT).

I like to think of the Spirit’s anointing to be like a steam train. A lot of energy is exerted to get the train going, but once that steam train gets going, the momentum is more significant. For most people, it is a process of learning from the Scriptures the things that God has given them. Bit-by-bit they perceive the anointing they have received, and they begin to step out in faith and do what God has put before them to do. For others, the Spirit’s empowerment is similar to a fast sports car. When God comes and touches some, they are off at a fast speed right from the beginning. If the Spirit has recently come to you, be careful not to be so busy doing the work of God that you put off learning and growing as you meditate on God's Word.


Some individuals don't put any more coal into the boiler, and the fire can burn down low, but the train's momentum is so great that it keeps on going for some time until burn-out begins to happen. "The fire must be kept burning on the altar continuously; it must not go out" (Leviticus 6:13). When you’ve run out of coal, some people put all kinds of strange fire into the boiler to keep the energy level up, but it is not the fire of God, it becomes the fire of the flesh. Even though a person has resorted to physical strength to get the work done, God will still work and honor those who have come in faith to receive something of the life of God—the gifts and calling of God are not withdrawn. One man has said, "If the Holy Spirit were taken completely from the Church, 90 percent of the work would go on as if nothing had happened." We must be careful that we do not lean on the arm of flesh to do the work of God. “Cursed be the man that trusts in man, and makes flesh his arm, and whose heart departs from the LORD” (Jeremiah 17:5). 

10The land you are entering to take over is not like the land of Egypt, from which you have come, where you planted your seed and irrigated it by foot as in a vegetable garden. 11"But the land into which you are about to cross to possess it, a land of hills and valleys, drinks water from the rain of heaven (Deuteronomy 11:10-11).

The things of God don’t need to be pumped up. In the above verse, God was speaking to the Israelites through the prophet Moses, saying that in Egypt the pumping up of water with the foot watered the land; whereas, the land that God gives is watered from heaven. Of course, God is speaking on two levels through His Word. The things of God do not need us to pump up the energy level by any means other than by the Spirit Himself. I have been in times of prayer at large conferences where a leader has resorted to the energy of the flesh by trying to tip me off balance in the hope that I will fall back and make him look good. “Don’t resist the Spirit,” I have been told, when I have just taken a step back from being overbalanced. Listen, when God is touching and filling people, I want whatever He wants to give me, but not by resorting to the energy of the flesh. We don't have to make God look good. He is good! It is not our job to manufacture what God wants to do. We merely invite Him to have His way and do our best to remove whatever would hinder the Holy Spirit at work (wrong attitudes, pride, unbelief, etc.) 

So you can heave a sigh of relief! It is not up to you to “work up” the anointing! The anointing is not a feeling, nor is our emotion or lack of emotion reliable indicators that the anointing is present. Some of the lowest times in my Christian life have been times when God has either spoken into my life or used me to accomplish something. We are tempted to use our feelings as a gauge to measure anointing. Think of Jesus in His life on earth. When He was about to complete His task here on earth, He was at His lowest point emotionally. His soul was sorrowful, even to death, but He accomplished on the cross what the Father sent Him to do, and it meant eternal victory. He may have been at His lowest point emotionally, but He still chose to do the will of the Father. Emotions are not good or bad. It’s just that we cannot trust our feelings to discern spiritual things; we need to look at the outcome and fruit of a ministry or a person to see anointing. 

The anointing is given for a purpose. When God anoints, He has a plan in mind. He has a job for you to do.  When the Holy Spirit does something new, He works through people. That is how the Spirit has chosen to do His work. If that were not true, He would not need to use humankind, He could finish the job and come and get us and wrap things up now!  When the Holy Spirit is working, He works through an individual. He uses our spirit as our spirits are one with Him. “The human spirit is the lamp of the LORD that sheds light on one's inmost being” (Proverbs 20:27). Just as electricity in a light bulb is conducted through electric wires, the Holy Spirit uses the spirit of a man or woman as a “carrier” to reach another person to touch another spirit. All of us who have received Christ have His Spirit. However, whether God can use us to carry out His purposes has less to do with our spirit and more to do with our willingness to act. If we are focused on other things, we will not be as sensitive to the Spirit of God. 

Watchman Nee wrote a great deal about the “outer man.” Though I would not agree with everything he wrote, he knew about the inner man and the outer man, and he makes a good point. He states that the Lord is seeking to work from the inside, through the spirit of a man regenerated by the new birth. Satan, though, is attempting to work from the outside, through the soul. Nee believed that the "hard shell" of the outer man needs to be broken. “Very truly I tell you, unless a kernel of wheat falls to the ground and dies, it remains only a single seed. But if it dies, it produces many seeds” (John 12:24). Nee’s thought is that, before any seed can bear fruit, it has to be broken open, and the life that is within the seed can then bear fruit. Just like the picture of the alabaster vial of precious ointment was broken when Jesus was anointed, sometimes we need to go through a process of brokenness before the life of God, that anointing of the Spirit within us, flows out to others. If we are prideful or have unbelief or hurt, God, in His grace, will take us through a time when He has to minister to us first before the anointing can break through and flow out to others. “My sacrifice, O God, is a broken spirit; a broken and contrite heart you, God, will not despise” (Psalm 51:17). God says He is near to those who are broken and to those who have a contrite heart.

When a person experiences brokenness, what are the possible results? How does God use this time for the benefit of the believer? Does this depend on the response of the believer? 
This is why God allows some people to go through a terrible experience of brokenness—the Lord has His reasons, which are often way beyond our mind to receive. The Father wants to flow through us to touch others. We know this is true. What remains is giving Him permission and access to use us. That is our part of the equation. This thought brings us to another critical point about the anointing. If you are a believer, the anointing of the Spirit is within us.  It’s not something we need to reach outside of ourselves to attain. 

How do I Get a Greater Anointing?

How is the anointing increased? I do believe in receiving prayer and calling out to God in our dry spells. The Lord is not far from any of us. He is the great I AM THAT I AM, the all-sufficient One. You only need to call out to Him; He is the Helper who will come alongside us when we are low and in need of strength and power. 

30Though youths grow weary and tired, And vigorous young men stumble badly, 31Yet those who wait for the LORD will gain new strength; They will mount up with wings like eagles, They will run and not get tired, They will walk and not become weary (Isaiah 40:30-31).

The Hebrew word translated gain new strength is the word chalaph: it means to pass on or away, pass through. The thought is that of exchanging your weakness for His power. Sandy (my wife) and I have had times of brokenness and despair in our lives at different things we have had to endure on the way to what we do now. When we have grown tired and weary, we have been brought to the place of crying out to the Lord for His enablement, His provision, and His power. We are no different from any in the body of Christ; we can all come to the God who loves us to receive His supply, whatever our need. 

Often before you ask for a greater anointing, you should sit down and ask yourself what you would do with more of the Spirit. The Lord gives greater responsibilities to those who really catch what He is doing and throw themselves into the work wholeheartedly. His passion is to build His church worldwide, to see the whole body of Christ discipled, equipped, and trained. This same passion is something that should burn in our hearts, too. He always gives more to those who love the things that God loves and hate the things that God hates. As you use what you have, you will find that God gives you more (Matthew 25:29). This spiritual principle holds true to whatever God gives us.

Elijah trained Elisha, but when Elijah knew that God was taking him home, he asked Elisha, his protégé, what he would like Elijah to do for him. His answer was for a greater anointing of the Spirit:

9When they had crossed, Elijah said to Elisha, “Tell me, what can I do for you before I am taken from you?” “Let me inherit a double portion of your spirit,” Elisha replied. 10“You have asked a difficult thing,” Elijah said, “yet if you see me when I am taken from you, it will be yours—otherwise, it will not” (2 Kings 2:9-10).

God is willing to impart a more significant portion of His Spirit, but are you ready to walk in it and believe that you have received? When Elisha saw his master, Elijah, taken up to heaven, he now had to walk out what he believed he had received. When he came to the bank of the River Jordan, would he swim across, or would Elisha call upon the Lord as he saw Elijah do?

13Elisha then picked up Elijah’s cloak that had fallen from him and went back and stood on the bank of the Jordan. 14He took the cloak that had fallen from Elijah and struck the water with it. “Where now is the Lord, the God of Elijah?” he asked. When he struck the water, it divided to the right and to the left, and he crossed over (2 Kings 2:13-14).

I would ask of you as to why you would like a greater anointing. A greater anointing leads to a more significant spiritual battle. Francis Frangipane, the writer and speaker, says that when one goes to a new level, he encounters a new devil. What he is talking about is that a greater responsibility on you brings about an entirely different level of spiritual warfare on your life. God wants to give, but do we have the necessary character base to receive the greater anointing? 

There are those ministers of the gospel who have entered into a ministry beyond their anointing level and have found success before they are ready. There is nothing more dangerous to the spiritual life than this. A new level of fame and visibility brings an attack from a different kind of demon. Every advance of the kingdom of God is challenged, so it must not be entered into lightly. When Jesus sent out the seventy-two disciples to minister in His name and heal the sick (Luke 10:9), they returned to Him telling Him of the way demons had submitted to them. Jesus told them not to focus on the fact that demons had reacted and submitted to them, but for the disciples to focus on the fact that their names were written in heaven (Luke 10:18-20).

With every level of leadership comes a need for a new level of character, integrity, and humility. Let God promote you and not yourself. Some of you reading these words will be powerfully used of the Spirit, but be careful for the enemy will challenge your advance and will suggest that you take onboard thoughts of pride. Satan's suggestions are very subtle.

Have you ever experienced a breakthrough after a difficult time in your Christian life? How did this breakthrough come about and what was the result? Can you attribute it to anything?

Now there is also such a thing as impartation, and a greater impartation of the Spirit can be given from one person to another through the laying on of hands (Romans 1:11). I have been in meetings, or a one–on–one meeting with another person, when I felt that a more significant measure of the Spirit had been imparted to me. In my opinion, this has more to do with the joining together of our spirit to the Lord's and especially when we are with other Christians in a unified sense. When we share fellowship in a place of humility and unity, God will often increase our anointing because it is His blessing (Psalm 133). 

At the Vineyard, we speak about trying to see what the Father is doing and blessing that. That is because we want to work along with what God is already doing. Think of it in terms of giving the Holy Spirit a clear pathway in which to flow. Some of you reading these words are seeking a breakthrough in your own life. I would encourage you to cry out to God. Is there any crisis in your life, which you have found unsolvable? 

Perhaps, it is a dry season in your life from which you want to be delivered?  Ask the Lord for a breakthrough. Do not be surprised if you sense the Holy Spirit speaking to you about something that He wants you to do. Perhaps, you need healing, and He wants to start that work in you as you are reading these words. Ask Him to come with His counsel and deliverance. To cry out to God can be a humbling experience. That is why we often resist it. We want people to think that we have it all together. You don’t need to be loud, but it’s ok if you are. It is not the volume of our voices, but the sincerity of our hearts. However, there is power in crying out to the Father. “Then they cried out to the LORD in their trouble, and he delivered them from their distress” (Psalm 107:6). If you are in a group situation, I would suggest the group to stand and think about what their need is. Is there difficulty in your life? Is there a need for greater awareness of the Spirit, a greater anointing of the presence of God on you and in you? I would suggest you count to three and all call out in unison to God concerning whatever need you have. Call on the Lord with your voice.

Prayer: Come, Lord. Fill us with your Spirit. We cry out to you for more of your Spirit on your people. We need you!

Keith Thomas


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