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This free study is part of a 9 part series called "What is God Doing Today?". To view more free studies in this series, click here.

10. The Coming of the Messiah

The Second Coming of Christ and the End Times


In our previous study on the Second Coming, we talked about the Great Tribulation saying that it will be a time of persecution for those who walk with the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, those who will not take the Mark of the Beast and worship his image. What will keep the people of God trusting during persecution? It will be our knowledge of the prophecies of the Word of God. There will be a heightened expectation of His coming to right the wrongs of injustice and evil at the time. Those believers experiencing persecution will not be under any doubt about what is happening in the world. The already fulfilled prophecies of Jesus, Paul, John, and the Old Testament prophets of events of the first three and a half years, plus the exact timing of the Abomination of Desolation happening right at the mid-point of the seven-year period, will wake up many to the reality of the war between God and Satan. The facts of Bible prophecy fulfilled will bring many to Christ in that time frame. God will fulfill His promises to us. As believers are persecuted, they will hold His precious promises in their hearts that He is waiting to celebrate with His bride, and with each passing day, we will be closer to His coming. Jesus said to His disciples:


“I tell you, I will not drink from this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father's kingdom” (Matthew 26:29).


A time is coming when the Lord will come and take believers in Christ to Himself in a marriage covenant. With each day that passes, those experiencing that difficult time will wonder if that day is the day of His coming, for Jesus said that for those who trust Him, the Great Tribulation period (Matthew 24:21) will not last the entire 1,260 days because it will be “cut short:”


“If those days had not been cut short, no one would survive, but for the sake of the elect those days will be shortened” (Matthew 24:22).


The elect, those born-again of the Spirit of God, are caught up (raptured) at some point known only to the Lord, but we know that it will be during the Great Tribulation. What could be happening on earth to bring about a situation where no one would survive if God did not step in? What will precipitate Christ’s coming?


25“There will be signs in the sun, moon and stars. On the earth, nations will be in anguish and perplexity at the roaring and tossing of the sea. 26People will faint from terror, apprehensive of what is coming on the world, for the heavenly bodies will be shaken. 27At that time they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory. 28When these things begin to take place, stand up and lift up your heads, because your redemption is drawing near” (Luke 21:25-28).


As we have read before from the book of Revelation and Matthew and Mark’s gospels, Luke also confirms it. The Lord Jesus comes for His people after the cosmic signs in the sun, moon, and stars. The heavenly bodies are shaken (v. 26). The Greek word translated as shaken, saleuō, means to "waver, agitate, rock, topple and to shake.” When a man standing on earth looks to the heavens, it will seem as if the heavens themselves will be shaking, with stars falling from the sky. It appears the earth itself will move for a time, and everything that can be shaken will be shaken. Isaiah the prophet says the same thing:


19The earth is broken up, the earth is split asunder, the earth is thoroughly shaken. 20The earth reels like a drunkard, it sways like a hut in the wind (Isaiah 24:19-20).


No wonder people will faint from terror, apprehensive of what is coming on the earth (v. 26). When the world is at its darkest hour, the Lord Jesus will come. “At that time they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory” (Luke 21:27).


What Does the Bible Say About Armageddon?


When I say the word “Armageddon,” what comes to mind? Most of us picture the final battle of the Last Days. When Christ returns, where will His feet stand? I don't read anywhere in the Scriptures of Jesus returning to Armageddon, and the reference to this place in Scripture speaks of it as a place of gathering. Let’s read the Bible’s only reference to Armageddon in its context, and explore what it says:


12The sixth angel poured out his bowl on the great river Euphrates, and its water was dried up to prepare the way for the kings from the East. 13Then I saw three evil spirits that looked like frogs; they came out of the mouth of the dragon, out of the mouth of the beast and out of the mouth of the false prophet. 14They are spirits of demons performing miraculous signs, and they go out to the kings of the whole world, to gather them for the battle on the great day of God Almighty. 15"Behold, I come like a thief! Blessed is he who stays awake and keeps his clothes with him, so that he may not go naked and be shamefully exposed." 16Then they gathered the kings together to the place that in Hebrew is called Armageddon. 17The seventh angel poured out his bowl into the air, and out of the temple came a loud voice from the throne, saying, "It is done!" 18Then there came flashes of lightning, rumblings, peals of thunder and a severe earthquake. No earthquake like it has ever occurred since man has been on earth, so tremendous was the quake. 19The great city split into three parts, and the cities of the nations collapsed (Revelation 16:12-19 Emphasis mine).


The word Armageddon comes from two Hebrew words, “Har,” which means a hill or mountain, with the second word, “Magedon,” which many believe to be a reference to the Tel at Megiddo, a strategic hill I have visited several times when I have led tours to Israel. Satan uses evil spirits that inhabit the world's leaders to gather together to attack Jerusalem. This gathering is in a valley near the city of Megiddo, a strategic place in Israel that once regulated trade on the International Highway, the main trading route between the three continents of Africa, Europe, and Asia. Below the hill of Megiddo, stretching east to Northwest, is the very fertile Jezreel valley. The western end of the Jezreel valley ends at Israel's main port of Haifa. The nations of the East that cross the river Euphrates, north of Damascus, can quickly meet up with other armies disembarking from ships in the port of Haifa. Countries to the North of Israel can come through Lebanon. It will be a perfect gathering place.


Description: MegiddoMap0305


Just because the nations of the world will gather at Armageddon doesn't mean that the primary battle will be fought there. The fight that killed King Saul between Israel and the Philistines is an example of this. The Philistines gathered all their forces at Aphek (1 Samuel 29:1), which is just off the bottom left-hand corner of the map above, but then marched Northeast to Jezreel (1 Samuel 29:11) and fought with Israel on the slopes of Mount Gilboa (1 Samuel 31:1). Aphek is near the present-day city of Jaffa, south of Tel Aviv, but Mount Gilboa is just West of Beth Shan on the edge of the Jezreel Valley, a distance of around 50 miles. The place of assembly of one's forces usually differs from the area to be attacked. In this case, the Jezreel Valley or Armageddon may be, as it says, a gathering place for the world’s armies.


Jerusalem, the Problem City


The objective of the nations of the world is not to capture a valley but a city! Jerusalem is a city that has been a problem since its recapture by Israel in 1967. The Lord twice tells us that Jerusalem is His city (Isaiah 45:13; Lamentations 3:51). That is why the Antichrist wants to rule the world from that city; it’s as if he wants to desecrate the holy city itself. The enemy always seeks to kill and destroy whatever God sets apart as His own. Scripture tells us that before the time of the end, Jerusalem will be a problem city:


2"I am going to make Jerusalem a cup that sends all the surrounding peoples reeling. Judah will be besieged as well as Jerusalem. 3On that day, when all the nations of the earth are gathered against her, I will make Jerusalem an immovable rock for all the nations. All who try to move it will injure themselves (Zechariah 12:2-3).


There are some things in this passage of interest. First, the nations of the world will be frustrated at their inability to sort out the problem of a Jewish state in the Middle East, primarily as to who owns Jerusalem. Is it a Palestinian or a Jewish city? In 1980 Israel passed the “Jerusalem Law” proclaiming "united Jerusalem" as the Israeli capital, thereby annexing East Jerusalem. Up to the day of writing (Oct 2022), only four countries have their embassy in Jerusalem: The United States, Honduras, Guatemala, and Kosovo. Secondly, Jerusalem will be a problem not only for the Arabic nations around her but all nations; it will be "an immovable rock." The third thing is that all countries will be gathered against her. Doesn't it sound like Armageddon is just the gathering place for an attack on Jerusalem itself? It could very well be that the attack is launched on Jerusalem while the bulk of the armies is still arriving and gathering at Armageddon. If that is the case, Jesus will appear over Jerusalem when He comes and possibly later destroy the rest of the armies gathering at Armageddon. The distance between Jerusalem and Megiddo is around 75 miles. The prophet Zechariah tells us:


8On that day the LORD will shield those who live in Jerusalem, so that the feeblest among them will be like David, and the house of David will be like God, like the Angel of the LORD going before them. 9On that day I will set out to destroy all the nations that attack Jerusalem. 10"And I will pour out on the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and supplication. They will look on me, the one they have pierced, and they will mourn for him as one mourns for an only child, and grieve bitterly for him as one grieves for a firstborn son. 11On that day the weeping in Jerusalem will be great, like the weeping of Hadad Rimmon in the plain of Megiddo (Zechariah 12:8-11).
Why do you think the Jewish people are weeping (v.11) at the intervention of the Lord against their enemies?

You’d think that there would be great rejoicing by the Jews as the Lord Himself steps in to shield those living in Jerusalem and fighting for them. So why does verse eleven say they are weeping? It is clear from the text that the Messiah (Christ) Himself shows up, and the Jewish people recognize Him as the One pierced, crucified, and rejected by His people. What will be their response? There will be a time of great mourning and repentance.


The traditional place of battle between God and His enemies is Armageddon, but the scriptural evidence seems to point to an appearance at Jerusalem first. Let's explore further by looking at what the prophet Zechariah tells us along these same lines:


1A day of the LORD is coming when your plunder will be divided among you. 2I will gather all the nations to Jerusalem to fight against it; the city will be captured, the houses ransacked, and the women raped. Half of the city will go into exile, but the rest of the people will not be taken from the city. 3Then the LORD will go out and fight against those nations, as he fights in the day of battle. 4On that day his feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, east of Jerusalem, and the Mount of Olives will be split in two from east to west, forming a great valley, with half of the mountain moving north and half moving south. 5You will flee by my mountain valley, for it will extend to Azel. You will flee as you fled from the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah. Then the LORD my God will come, and all the holy ones with him. 6On that day there will be no light, no cold or frost. 7It will be a unique day, without daytime or nighttime—a day known to the LORD. When evening comes, there will be light (Zechariah 14:1-7).


His feet will stand on that day on the Mount of Olives to the east of the city of Jerusalem. It is interesting to know that the Mount of Olives has hundreds of Jewish graves waiting for the Messiah to arrive because of this prophecy. They believe that when the LORD comes, the dead will be raised to life; they do not anticipate this One coming to be Jesus. The Jewish people will get a big surprise.


There is another prophecy in Ezekiel 44:1-3 that the eastern gate of the city would be shut up until the arrival of Messiah. If you should ever visit Jerusalem, you can see the Eastern Gate, also known as the Golden Gate, still sealed, with many graves in front of it.


This prophecy in Ezekiel was partially fulfilled in 1517 when the Turks conquered Jerusalem under the leadership of Suleiman the Magnificent. He commanded that the city's ancient walls be rebuilt, and during this rebuilding project, for some unknown reason, he ordered that the Eastern Gate be sealed up with stones. Legends abound as to why Suleiman closed the gate. The most believable one is that while the walls were rebuilt, a rumor swept Jerusalem that the Messiah was coming. Suleiman called together some Jewish rabbis and asked them to tell him about the Messiah. They described the Messiah as a great military leader who would be sent by God from the east [The Mount of Olives is to the east]. He would enter the Eastern Gate and liberate the city from foreign control. Suleiman then decided to end Jewish hopes by ordering the Eastern Gate sealed. He also set a Muslim cemetery in front of the Gate, believing that no Jewish holy man would defile himself by walking through a Muslim cemetery. The Gate has remained sealed since that time. The Muslim cemetery still blocks the entrance. The old walled city has eight gates, with the Eastern Gate alone being sealed, just as prophesied in Ezekiel 44. The world would call that "an amazing coincidence." It is also interesting to know that in 1917 during the First World War, General Allenby of the British Army captured the city of Jerusalem from the Turkish Ottoman empire. He came riding on a white horse. The Turkish army thought this was the Messiah, so they laid down their arms without a shot fired, but being a believer in Christ, General Allenby got off his horse and walked through the Jaffa Gate. Yes, the Messiah will come riding on a white horse, and amid the darkness of that time, what a sight He will be!


11I saw heaven standing open and there before me was a white horse, whose rider is called Faithful and True. With justice he judges and wages war. 12His eyes are like blazing fire, and on his head are many crowns. He has a name written on him that no one knows but he himself. 13He is dressed in a robe dipped in blood, and his name is the Word of God. 14The armies of heaven were following him, riding on white horses and dressed in fine linen, white and clean (Revelation 19:11-14).


How full of joy we will be when, in an instant, in the twinkling of an eye, we will be changed (1 Corinthians 15:51). Paul writes that the Lord will come down from heaven with a loud command (how the enemies of our God will tremble)…and we who are still alive will be caught up together with our loved ones who have already gone to heaven. We will meet the Lord and our loved ones in the air, and so we will be with the Lord forever (1 Thessalonians 4:13-18). Imagine the joy of seeing Christ come and set everything right. The suffering of this world will be gone. God wants each of us to be able to look forward to this day and welcome His coming. Jesus paid the price for us to be delivered from judgment through His substitutionary death on the cross.


What will Happen at His Appearing?


Amid the darkness and cosmic happenings and with the earth moving under our feet, the gloom will be shattered by brilliant light: “For the Son of Man in his day will be like the lightning, which flashes and lights up the sky from one end to the other” (Luke 17:24). The Lord will come for His people. With Him will be the angels and those believers in Christ that have been together with Christ in heaven after their death: "and so we believe that God will bring with Jesus those who have fallen asleep in him” (1 Thessalonians 4:14). Those believers who come with Christ will be reunited with their body, but it will be a glorious body: 42So will it be with the resurrection of the dead. The body that is sown is perishable, it is raised imperishable; 43it is sown in dishonor, it is raised in glory; it is sown in weakness, it is raised in power; 44it is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body (1 Corinthians 15:42-44). In an instant, in the time it takes to bat your eyelids (1 Corinthians 15:52), those dead in Christ will rise from their graves and put on immortality and be caught up to the Lord in the air. Then all other believers will be snatched up (raptured) to meet the Lord and be forever with Him.


But your dead will live, LORD; their bodies will rise—let those who dwell in the dust wake up and shout for joy—your dew is like the dew of the morning; the earth will give birth to her dead (Isaiah 26:19).


In the parable of the Ten Virgins, the trumpet call to herald the Bridegroom's coming came at the darkest point, at midnight (Matthew 25:6). Both the wise and the unwise all heard the herald calling out that the Bridegroom was coming. Quickly, they arose to meet him. Those who were wise and prepared put more of their oil in the lamps from the jars they brought (Matthew 25:5). They then trimmed their lamps and went to meet the Bridegroom. Let's now think about one of the most beautiful sentences in the Word of God. “The bridegroom arrived. The virgins who were ready went in with him to the wedding banquet. And the door was shut" (Matthew 25:10). Yes, the Bridegroom will come. Those who have waited long and remained faithful will hear the call to the wedding. 


36“But about that day or hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. 37As it was in the days of Noah, so it will be at the coming of the Son of Man. 38For in the days before the flood, people were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, up to the day Noah entered the ark; 39and they knew nothing about what would happen until the flood came and took them all away. That is how it will be at the coming of the Son of Man. 40Two men will be in the field; one will be taken and the other left. 41Two women will be grinding with a hand mill; one will be taken and the other left. 42“Therefore keep watch, because you do not know on what day your Lord will come (Matthew 24:36-42).


The first thing we see is an immediate entrance to the wedding upon the Bridegroom's arrival. We are not listening to fables as we think about that moment when we hear the call. Do not entertain any fallacies of purgatory to go through first. No, it will be instant upon His coming. Great shall be your joy if you are a believer. Your face shall light up as you behold His coming amid the darkness of the earth.


Their entrance into the wedding will be most intimate, for it will be with Him. What a glorious thought that Jesus the Bridegroom will take us by the hand and lead us into the presence of His Father at the marriage celebration. At the coming of Christ, we will be united with Him forever in a covenant of marriage, ruling and reigning as a kingdom of priests to our God (Revelation 1:6). 29And I confer on you a kingdom, just as my Father conferred one on me, 30so that you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom and sit on thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel (Luke 22:29-30).


Although we don't know all the details, the Scripture does indicate that the Bride of Christ will reign with Jesus for eternity. He is going to confer a kingdom upon us! The Lord Himself has provided the robe of righteousness for us to wear. It is His kingdom and His throne that will have no end. He is preparing His Bride, the Church, to rule and reign with Him. It is here and now that the Church is learning the art of spiritual warfare, overcoming evil with good in preparation for the tasks that await us following the Marriage Supper of the Lamb.


In his book, Destined for The Throne, Paul Billheimer writes:


“From the very beginning it was God’s plan and purpose that out of the riven side of His Son should come an Eternal Companion to sit by His side upon the throne of the universe, to share with Him His sovereign power and authority over His eternal kingdom. “Fear not, little flock, for it is your Father’s good pleasure to give you the kingdom” (Luke 12:32). “To him that overcomes will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame and am set down with my Father in His throne (Revelation 3:21).


To be given the kingdom is more than to internalize kingdom principles and ethics. That is only one phase of it. To be given a kingdom is to be invested with authority over a kingdom. That this is God’s glorious purpose for the Church is authenticated and confirmed by Paul in 1 Corinthians 6:2-3: “Do you not know that the saints shall judge the world?... Don't you know that we shall judge angels?” This is a pledge of what Jesus meant when He said, “The glory that you gave me I have given them” (John 17:22).


This royalty and rulership is no hollow, empty, figurative, symbolic, or emblematic thing. It is not a figment of the imagination. The Church, the Bride, the Eternal Companion is to sit with Him on His throne. If His throne represents reality, then hers is no fantasy. We are joint heirs with Christ (Romans 8:17).


We may not know why it pleases the Father to give the kingdom to the little flock. We may not understand why Christ chooses to share His throne and His glory with the redeemed. We only know that He has chosen to do so and that it gives Him pleasure.


Therefore, from all eternity, all that precedes the Marriage Supper of the Lamb is preliminary and preparatory. Only after that will God's program for the eternal ages begin to unfold. God will not be ready, so to speak, to enter upon His ultimate and supreme enterprise for the ages until the Bride is on the throne with her divine Lover and Lord. Up until then, the entire universe under the Son’s regulation and control is being manipulated by God for one purpose—to prepare and train the Bride. Truly, God is the Lord of history.”


We will be married to the Lord:


As a young man marries a young woman, so will your Builder marry you; as a bridegroom rejoices over his bride, so will your God rejoice over you (Isaiah 62:5).


What does the picture of marriage show us about God’s relationship with His people? Whenever you have attended a wedding, what symbols in the ceremony do you think have spiritual significance relating to Christ and His Church?


The LORD your God is with you, the Mighty Warrior who saves. He will take great delight in you; in his love he will no longer rebuke you, but will rejoice over you with singing" (Zephaniah 3:17).


3There will no longer be any curse; and the throne of God and of the Lamb will be in it, and His bond-servants will serve Him; 4they will see His face, and His name will be on their foreheads (Revelation 22:3-4).


What glorious robes we will be wearing on that day! We will be changed into His image and show His glory (2 Corinthians 3:18). Can there be anything more glorious than looking into His beautiful face as He pronounces His everlasting love to us? 


7"Let us rejoice and be glad and give him glory! For the wedding of the Lamb has come, and his bride has made herself ready. 8Fine linen, bright and clean, was given her to wear.” (Fine linen stands for the righteous acts of God’s holy people.) (Revelation 19:7-8).


We shall be with Him forever. No one shall speak a word against us on that day, and there will be no one to accuse us before the Father because all sin has been forgiven and is under His blood. Divine justice was fully satisfied at the cross with Christ’s substitutionary death for us. They that were ready went with Him to the wedding banquet. I want to point out how joyous will be the entrance. This will not be an entrance to be witnesses to His marriage; this is to be married to Him. It is not a wedding on earth; this is a wedding in heaven. This celebration will be many times more glorious than any marriage you have ever seen, and I remind you again, if you have entrusted your life to Christ, you are the bride! You will one day hear Him speak His eternal marriage vows over you! At the moment, on this side of heaven, we are only promised in marriage, but when the Bridegroom comes, then will be the wedding. Next time you go to a wedding on earth, you can view it as a foreshadowing of that day when He comes for you to lead you up the aisle. They that were ready went in with Him into the wedding banquet. How blessed a time it will be to have no evil, no temptation, and no more tears, for the Scripture says: “He will wipe every tear from their eyes. There will be no more death or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away” (Revelation 21:4).


There is one more thought that I cannot pass by. It is that the door shuts behind us (Matthew 25:10). Our experience with this new order of things is eternal. That which God has been doing in your life has been but a preparation for that day, but when that day comes, it will be for eternity, and it will be pleasant to know that we are shut in with Christ (Matthew 25:10). None are naturally ready for the joys of heaven; no man or woman can ever be good enough. There must be a divine impartation of the life of God into your spirit. Each of us has to change within. Jesus said, "You must be born again," or born from above (John 3:3). When we sincerely repent (a turnaround from our sin toward obedience to the Lord Jesus) and receive the gift of God, eternal life in Christ, from that point on our names are written in the Lamb's book of life (Revelation 21:27). As much as it is painful for those outside, it will be pure joy for the bride of Christ, who by God's grace alone, is inside the door at the wedding.


To close our study, it would be beautiful to click on the link below and worship to the song; We Will Dance:


Prayer: Father, I thank you for your faithfulness and the strength you provide. I ask that you teach us to listen so we can walk with you daily. As we look forward to your coming, we lift our heads and say, "Come, Lord Jesus!"


To view other studies in this series, click the following link: The Second Coming and End Times.


Keith Thomas


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